41. Del Toro, J., Jackson, D. B.., Testa, A., & Wang, M.-T. (accepted pending minor revision). The spillover effects of classmates’ police intrusion on adolescents’ defiant behaviors: The mediating role of institutional trust. American Psychologist.

40. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2023). Stereotypes in the classroom’s air: Classmates’ racial stereotype endorsement, classroom engagement, and STEM achievement among Black and White American adolescents. Developmental Science.  doi: 10.1111/desc.13380

39. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Scanlon, C., & Schall, J. L. (2022). Family resilience during COVID-19. A daily-diary inquiry into parental employment status, parent-adolescent relationships, and well-being. Development and Psychopathology. doi: 10.1017/S0954579422001213

38. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., & Henry, D. (2022). School cultural socialization and youth’s school climate perceptions during early adolescence. American Educational Research Journal.

37. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). Police stops and school engagement: Examining cultural socialization from parents and schools as protective factors among African American adolescents. American Educational Research Journal.

36. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., & Scanlon, C. (2022). Who benefits from exclusionary discipline? An exploration of the direct and vicarious links between school suspensions and adolescents’ academic achievement. American Psychologist.

35. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). Online racism and mental health among Black American adolescents in 2020. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

34. Fine, A., Del Toro, J., & Orosco, C. (accepted). Consequences of fearing police: Associations with youth’s mental health and felt obligation to obey both the law and school rules. Journal of Criminal Justice.

33. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Scanlon, C., & McKellar, S. (2022). Reducing suspensions for minor infractions and improving school climate perceptions among Black adolescents via cultural socialization: A multi-informant prospective study. Learning and Instruction.

32. Mezuk, B., Kalesnikava, V., Spears, E., Kirk, K., Rafferty, J., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Self-regulatory coping behaviors and stress reactivity: Exploring the environmental affordance model of health disparities. Journal of Aging and Health.

31. Wang, M.-T., Wu, W., Henry, D., Del Toro, J., & Huguley, J. P. (2022). Racial stereotype endorsement, academic engagement, mindset, and performance among Black and White American adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi: 10.1007/s10964-022-01587-4

30. Del Toro, J., Jackson, D. B., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). The policing paradox: Police stops predict youth’s school disengagement via elevated psychological distress. Developmental Psychology. [PDF]

29. Volpe, V. V., Smith, N. A., Skinner, O. D., Hope, E. C., Lozada, F. T., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Centering the Heterogeneity of Black adolescents’ experiences: Perspectives and guidance for within-group designs among African diasporic communities. Journal of Research on Adolescence.

28. Del Toro, J., Fine, A., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). The intergenerational effects of paternal incarceration on children’s social and psychological well-being from early childhood to adolescence. Development and Psychopathology.

27. Fine, A., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Adolescents’ views of defunding the police, abolishing the police, and “the talk”. Journal of Community Psychology.

26. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Henry, D., Scanlon C. L., & Voltin, S. (2022). Adolescent psychosocial adjustment during COVID-19: An intensive longitudinal study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

25. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). The roles of suspensions for minor infractions and school climate in predicting academic performance among adolescents. American Psychologist. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

24. Del Toro, J., Wang, M.-T., Thomas, A., Hughes, D. (2021). An intersectional approach to understanding the academic and health effects of policing among urban adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

23. Wang, M.-T., Scanlon, C. L., Hua, M., Belmont, A. M., Zhang, A. L., & Del Toro, J. (2021). Social distancing and adolescent psychological well-being: The role of practical knowledge and exercise. Academic Pediatrics. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

22. Del Toro, J. (2021). Ethnic-racial disparities in policing and its mental health consequences among adolescents in the United States and the United Kingdom. American Journal of Public Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

21. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Henry, D., Scanlon C. L., & Schall, J. L. (2021). COVID-19 employment status, dyadic family relationships and child psychological well-being. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

20. Del Toro, J., Fine, A., Wang, M.-T., Thomas, A., Schneper, L. M., Mitchell, C. Mincy, R., McLanahan, S., & Notterman, D. A. (2021). The longitudinal associations between paternal incarceration and family well-being: Implications for ethnic-racial disparities in health. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2021.08.005 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

19. Mezuk, B., Del Toro, J., Zhang, X., Gough Courtney, M., Spears, E. C., Kirk, K. F., Lee, H., Green, T., & Hudson, D. (2021). Theory and empiricism: A comment on “Interrogating the environmental affordances model” by Pamplin and colleagues. Social Science & Medicine. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

18. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Scanlon, C. L., Schall, J. L., Zhang, A., Voltin, S., Belmont, A., & Plevniak, K. (2021). The roles of stress, coping, and parental support in adolescent psychological well-being in the context of COVID-19: A daily-diary study. Journal of Affective Disorders. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

17. Wang, M.-T., Scanlon, C. L., Hua, M., & Del Toro, J. (2021). Promoting and sustaining adolescent engagement in social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

16. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). Longitudinal inter-relations between school cultural socialization and school engagement: The mediating role of school climate. Learning and Instruction. [Article Link] [ResearchGate]

15. Jackson, D. B., Del Toro, J., Semenza, D. C., Testa, A., & Vaughn, M. (2021). Unpacking racial/ethnic disparities in emotional distress during witness police stops. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

14. Wang, M.-T., Zepeda, C., Qin, X., Del Toro, J., & Binning, K. (2021). More than growth mindset: Individual and interactive effects between adolescents’ growth mindsets and metacognitive skill on math engagement. Child Development. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

13. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). Longitudinal inter-relations between schools’ cultural socialization and school engagement among urban early adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi:10.1007/s10964-020-01377-w [PDF] [Article link] [ResearchGate]

12. Wang, M.-T., Binning, K. R, Del Toro, J., Qin, X., & Zepeda, C. D. (2021). Skill, thrill, and will: The role of metacognition and motivation in predicting student engagement over time. Child Development. [PDF] [Article link]

11. Earp, B. D., Lewis, J., Anomaly, J., Beckett, K., Brassington, I., Buchanan, A., Buchman, D. Z., Campos, I. P., Carpenter, M., Caruso, G. D., Chin, G., Cowen, N., Debena, M., Del Toro, J., . . .Hart, C. L. (2021). Racial justice requires ending the war on drugs. The American Journal of Bioethics. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

10. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2020). School cultural socialization and academic performance: Examining ethnic-racial identity development as a mediator among African American adolescents. Advance Online Publication. Child Development. doi:10.1111/cdev.13467. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

9. Scanlon, C., Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2020). Socially anxious science achievers. The role of peer social support and social engagement in the relation between adolescents’ social anxiety and science achievement. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

8. Del Toro, J., Hughes, D., & Way, N. (2020). Inter-relations between ethnic-racial discrimination and identity among early adolescents. Advance Online Publication. Child Development. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

7. Tynes, B. M., English, D., Del Toro, J., Smith, N. A., Lozada, F. T., & Williams, D. R. (2020). Trajectories of online racial discrimination and psychological functioning among African American and Latino adolescents. Child Development, Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/cdev.13350 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

6. Del Toro, J., & Hughes, D. (2019). Trajectories of discrimination across the college years: associations with academic, psychological, and physical adjustment outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10964-019-01147-3 [PDF] [Article link]

5. Del Toro, J., Lloyd, T., Buchanan, K. S., Robins, S. J., Bencharit, L. Z., Smiedt, M. G., . . . Goff, P. A. (2019). The criminogenic and psychological effects of police stops on adolescent Black and Latino boys.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 201808976. doi:10.1073/pnas.1808976116 [PDF] [Article link]

4. Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., & Way, N. (2017). Interrelations among dimensions of ethnic-racial identity during adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 53(11), 2139-2153. doi:10.1037/dev0000401 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

3. Del Toro, J.,& Yoshikawa, H. (2016). Invited reflection: Intersectionality in quantitative and qualitative research. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 40(3), 347-350. doi: 10.1177/0361684316655768 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

2. Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., Harding, J. F.,Way, N, & Rarick, J. (2016). Trajectories of discrimination across adolescence: Associations with academic, psychological and behavioral outcomes. Child Development, 5(85), 1337-1351. doi:10.1111/cdev.12591/epdf [Article link] [ResearchGate]

1. Tynes, B., Del Toro, J., & Lozada, F. (2015). An unwelcomed digital visitor in the classroom: The longitudinal impact of online racial discrimination on school achievement motivation. School Psychology Review, 44(4) 407-424. doi: 10.17105/SPR-15-0095.1 [Article link] [ResearchGate]


Hughes, D., Harding, J. F., Niwa, E. Y., Del Toro, J., & Way, N. (2017). Racial socialization and racial discrimination as intra- and inter-group processes. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. S. Brown (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group processes in children adolescents (pp. 243-268). New York, NY: Wiley.

Hughes, D., Watford, J. A., & Del Toro, J. (2016). A transactional/ecological perspective on ethnic-racial identity, socialization, and discrimination. In S. Horn, M. Ruck, & L. Liben (Eds.) Equity and Justice in Developmental Sciences: Implications for Young People, Families, and Communities (Vol. 2, pp. 1-42). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., & Rarick, J. (2015). When and how parents teach egalitarian views to their children: Liberty and justice for all. InB. Balter & C. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.) Child Psychology: A Handbook of Contemporary Issues (3rd ed, pp. 401-422). New York, NY: Psychology Press.