35. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (accepted pending minor revisions). Online racism and mental health among Black American adolescents in 2020. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

34. Fine, A., Del Toro, J., & Orosco, C. (accepted). Consequences of fearing police: Associations with youth’s mental health and felt obligation to obey both the law and school rules. Journal of Criminal Justice.

33. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Scanlon, C., & McKellar, S. (2022). Reducing suspensions for minor infractions and improving school climate perceptions among Black adolescents via cultural socialization: A multi-informant prospective study. Learning and Instruction.

32. Mezuk, B., Kalesnikava, V., Spears, E., Kirk, K., Rafferty, J., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Self-regulatory coping behaviors and stress reactivity: Exploring the environmental affordance model of health disparities. Journal of Aging and Health.

31. Wang, M.-T., Wu, W., Henry, D., Del Toro, J., & Huguley, J. P. (2022). Racial stereotype endorsement, academic engagement, mindset, and performance among Black and White American adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi: 10.1007/s10964-022-01587-4

30. Del Toro, J., Jackson, D. B., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). The policing paradox: Police stops predict youth’s school disengagement via elevated psychological distress. Developmental Psychology. [PDF]

29. Volpe, V. V., Smith, N. A., Skinner, O. D., Hope, E. C., Lozada, F. T., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Centering the Heterogeneity of Black adolescents’ experiences: Perspectives and guidance for within-group designs among African diasporic communities. Journal of Research on Adolescence.

28. Del Toro, J., Fine, A., & Wang, M.-T. (2022). The intergenerational effects of paternal incarceration on children’s social and psychological well-being from early childhood to adolescence. Development and Psychopathology.

27. Fine, A., & Del Toro, J. (2022). Adolescents’ views of defunding the police, abolishing the police, and “the talk”. Journal of Community Psychology.

26. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Henry, D., Scanlon C. L., & Voltin, S. (2022). Adolescent psychosocial adjustment during COVID-19: An intensive longitudinal study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.

25. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). The roles of suspensions for minor infractions and school climate in predicting academic performance among adolescents. American Psychologist. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

24. Del Toro, J., Wang, M.-T., Thomas, A., Hughes, D. (2021). An intersectional approach to understanding the academic and health effects of policing among urban adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

23. Wang, M.-T., Scanlon, C. L., Hua, M., Belmont, A. M., Zhang, A. L., & Del Toro, J. (2021). Social distancing and adolescent psychological well-being: The role of practical knowledge and exercise. Academic Pediatrics. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

22. Del Toro, J. (2021). Ethnic-racial disparities in policing and its mental health consequences among adolescents in the United States and the United Kingdom. American Journal of Public Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

21. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Henry, D., Scanlon C. L., & Schall, J. L. (2021). COVID-19 employment status, dyadic family relationships and child psychological well-being. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

20. Del Toro, J., Fine, A., Wang, M.-T., Thomas, A., Schneper, L. M., Mitchell, C. Mincy, R., McLanahan, S., & Notterman, D. A. (2021). The longitudinal associations between paternal incarceration and family well-being: Implications for ethnic-racial disparities in health. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2021.08.005 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

19. Mezuk, B., Del Toro, J., Zhang, X., Gough Courtney, M., Spears, E. C., Kirk, K. F., Lee, H., Green, T., & Hudson, D. (2021). Theory and empiricism: A comment on “Interrogating the environmental affordances model” by Pamplin and colleagues. Social Science & Medicine. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

18. Wang, M.-T., Del Toro, J., Scanlon, C. L., Schall, J. L., Zhang, A., Voltin, S., Belmont, A., & Plevniak, K. (2021). The roles of stress, coping, and parental support in adolescent psychological well-being in the context of COVID-19: A daily-diary study. Journal of Affective Disorders. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

17. Wang, M.-T., Scanlon, C. L., Hua, M., & Del Toro, J. (2021). Promoting and sustaining adolescent engagement in social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

16. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). Longitudinal inter-relations between school cultural socialization and school engagement: The mediating role of school climate. Learning and Instruction. [Article Link] [ResearchGate]

15. Jackson, D. B., Del Toro, J., Semenza, D. C., Testa, A., & Vaughn, M. (2021). Unpacking racial/ethnic disparities in emotional distress during witness police stops. Journal of Adolescent Health. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

14. Wang, M.-T., Zepeda, C., Qin, X., Del Toro, J., & Binning, K. (2021). More than growth mindset: Individual and interactive effects between adolescents’ growth mindsets and metacognitive skill on math engagement. Child Development. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

13. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2021). Longitudinal inter-relations between schools’ cultural socialization and school engagement among urban early adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi:10.1007/s10964-020-01377-w [PDF] [Article link] [ResearchGate]

12. Wang, M.-T., Binning, K. R, Del Toro, J., Qin, X., & Zepeda, C. D. (2021). Skill, thrill, and will: The role of metacognition and motivation in predicting student engagement over time. Child Development. [PDF] [Article link]

11. Earp, B. D., Lewis, J., Anomaly, J., Beckett, K., Brassington, I., Buchanan, A., Buchman, D. Z., Campos, I. P., Carpenter, M., Caruso, G. D., Chin, G., Cowen, N., Debena, M., Del Toro, J., . . .Hart, C. L. (2021). Racial justice requires ending the war on drugs. The American Journal of Bioethics. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

10. Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2020). School cultural socialization and academic performance: Examining ethnic-racial identity development as a mediator among African American adolescents. Advance Online Publication. Child Development. doi:10.1111/cdev.13467. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

9. Scanlon, C., Del Toro, J., & Wang, M.-T. (2020). Socially anxious science achievers. The role of peer social support and social engagement in the relation between adolescents’ social anxiety and science achievement. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

8. Del Toro, J., Hughes, D., & Way, N. (2020). Inter-relations between ethnic-racial discrimination and identity among early adolescents. Advance Online Publication. Child Development. [Article link] [ResearchGate]

7. Tynes, B. M., English, D., Del Toro, J., Smith, N. A., Lozada, F. T., & Williams, D. R. (2020). Trajectories of online racial discrimination and psychological functioning among African American and Latino adolescents. Child Development, Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/cdev.13350 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

6. Del Toro, J., & Hughes, D. (2019). Trajectories of discrimination across the college years: associations with academic, psychological, and physical adjustment outcomes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s10964-019-01147-3 [PDF] [Article link]

5. Del Toro, J., Lloyd, T., Buchanan, K. S., Robins, S. J., Bencharit, L. Z., Smiedt, M. G., . . . Goff, P. A. (2019). The criminogenic and psychological effects of police stops on adolescent Black and Latino boys.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 201808976. doi:10.1073/pnas.1808976116 [PDF] [Article link]

4. Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., & Way, N. (2017). Interrelations among dimensions of ethnic-racial identity during adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 53(11), 2139-2153. doi:10.1037/dev0000401 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

3. Del Toro, J.,& Yoshikawa, H. (2016). Invited reflection: Intersectionality in quantitative and qualitative research. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 40(3), 347-350. doi: 10.1177/0361684316655768 [Article link] [ResearchGate]

2. Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., Harding, J. F.,Way, N, & Rarick, J. (2016). Trajectories of discrimination across adolescence: Associations with academic, psychological and behavioral outcomes. Child Development, 5(85), 1337-1351. doi:10.1111/cdev.12591/epdf [Article link] [ResearchGate]

1. Tynes, B., Del Toro, J., & Lozada, F. (2015). An unwelcomed digital visitor in the classroom: The longitudinal impact of online racial discrimination on school achievement motivation. School Psychology Review, 44(4) 407-424. doi: 10.17105/SPR-15-0095.1 [Article link] [ResearchGate]


Hughes, D., Harding, J. F., Niwa, E. Y., Del Toro, J., & Way, N. (2017). Racial socialization and racial discrimination as intra- and inter-group processes. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. S. Brown (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of group processes in children adolescents (pp. 243-268). New York, NY: Wiley.

Hughes, D., Watford, J. A., & Del Toro, J. (2016). A transactional/ecological perspective on ethnic-racial identity, socialization, and discrimination. In S. Horn, M. Ruck, & L. Liben (Eds.) Equity and Justice in Developmental Sciences: Implications for Young People, Families, and Communities (Vol. 2, pp. 1-42). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hughes, D., Del Toro, J., & Rarick, J. (2015). When and how parents teach egalitarian views to their children: Liberty and justice for all. InB. Balter & C. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.) Child Psychology: A Handbook of Contemporary Issues (3rd ed, pp. 401-422). New York, NY: Psychology Press.